"Hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness which lies between the waking state and sleep. It is generally brought about in an individual by the use of a combination of concentration, relaxation, suggestion, and expectation." (Allen S. Chips, DCH, PhD, "Clinical Hypnotherapy, A Transpersonal Approach", Ch. 1, page 17). Each of us enters a trance state at least twice daily: when we are waking in the morning and as we fall asleep at bedtime.